The Barefoot Hippy is where we share the recipes from Hippy Soap Co's products & more, so you can create your own

Cooking guides

Cooking & Baking conversions

Dry measures Cake tin substitutions
Liquid measures Cup conversions
Oven temperature conversion Converting old recipes
Cake tin sizes  

Dry measures

Imperial Metric
1 oz 30g
2 oz 55g
3 oz 85g
4 oz (¼ lb) 115g
5 oz 140g
6 oz 170g
7 oz 200g
8 oz (½ lb) 225g
9 oz 255g
10 oz 285g
16 oz (1 lb) 450g
32 oz (2 lb) 900g

Liquid measures

Imperial Metric
1 fl oz 2 tablespoon (30ml)
2 fl oz 1/4 cup (60ml)
2¾ fl oz 1/3 cup (80ml)
3 fl oz 90ml
4 fl oz (1/4 pint /1 gill) 1/2 cup (125ml)
5 fl oz 2/3 cup (150ml)
6 fl oz 3/4 cup (175ml)
8 fl oz 1 cup (250ml)
10 fluid oz (½ pint) 300 ml
20 fluid oz (1 pint) 600 ml
1 quart 1 litre
1 teaspoon (5ml)    1 tablespoon (15ml)
Australia metric tablespoon is 20ml

Oven temperature conversion

  °C Fan °C °F GAS
Cool 140 120 275 1
Cool 150 130 300 2
Moderate 160 140 325 3
Moderate 180 160 350 4
Moderately hot 190 170 375 5
Moderately hot 200 180 400 6
Hot 220 200 425 7
Hot 230 210 450 8
Very hot 240 220 475 9

Cake tin sizes

Imperial Metric
6 inches 15cm
7 inches 18cm
8 inches 20cm
9 inches 23cm
10 inches 25cm
11 inches 28cm

Cake tin substitutions

Recipe calls for this tin: This tin can be used:
20cm x 10cm, loaf 20cm, round
23cm, round 20cm, square
20cm, square 23cm, round
23cm, square 20 to 24 muffin cups
23cm x 12.5cm, loaf 16 to 20 muffin cups
27.5cm x 17.5cm, rectangle 23cm x 12.5cm, loaf
25cm Bundt or fluted ring pan Two 23cm, round
The baking time may change, so make sure to check for signs of doneness.

Cup conversions

  1/4 cup 1/3 cup 1/2 cup 1 cup
breadcrumbs, dry 25g (1 oz) 30g (1¼ oz) 55g (2 oz) 115g (4 oz)
butter 55g (2 oz) 75g (2½ oz) 115g (4 oz) 225g (8 oz)
cheese, shredded/grated 30g (¾ oz) 35g (1¼ oz) 50g (1¾ oz) 100g (3½ oz)
choc bits 40g (1¾ oz) 50g (2¼ oz) 85g (3 oz) 170g (6 oz)
coconut, desiccated 30g (¾ oz) 30g (1 oz) 45g (1½ oz) 85g (3 oz)
flour, plain/self-raising 50g (1¾ oz) 55g (2 oz) 75g (2½ oz) 130g (4¾ oz)
rice, uncooked 50g (1¾ oz) 60g (2¼ oz) 110g (3¼ oz) 175g (6½ oz)
sour cream 35g (1¼ oz) 85g (3 oz) 110g (3¾ oz) 210g (7½ oz)
sugar, brown – lightly packed 35g (1¼ oz) 55g (2 oz) 75g (2½ oz) 140g (5 oz)
sugar, brown – firmly packed 50g (1¾ oz) 65g (2¼ oz) 100g (3¼ oz) 175g (6½ oz)
sugar, caster 40g (1¼ oz) 75g (2½ oz) 110g (3¾ oz) 200g (7 oz)
sugar, icing 50g (1¼ oz) 55g (2 oz) 75g (2½ oz) 145g (4¾ oz)
sugar, white 50g (1¾ oz) 75 (2½ oz) 100g (3½ oz) 200g (7 oz)
sultanas 45g (1½ oz) 55g (2 oz) 80g (2¾ oz) 150g (5½ oz)
yoghurt 60g (2¼ oz) 85g (3 oz) 115g (4 oz) 215g (8¼ oz)
These conversions have been rounded for cookery purposes

Converting old recipes

Cup measurements in older recipes can be for a large cup, a breakfast cup, a standard cup, a small cup or a teacup.

For flour, the weights I arrived at were as follows:

Large cup – 170 g
Breakfast cup – 150 g
Standard cup – 125 g
Small or tea cup – 100 g *
*3/4 standard cup

For liquid measurements

Breakfast cup – 300 ml *
Standard cup – 225 ml
Teacup – 200 ml
*half a pint

A tablespoon in an old recipe was often a regular large serving tablespoon, holding about 20 ml, rather than a 15 ml metric tablespoon. Teaspoons are about the same size whether metric or standard, but some older cook books expect teaspoon measurements to be rounded, or even heaped. (And I have found references to a salt spoon – which means about ¼ tsp.) In the metric column of this book, all spoon and cup measurements are level.

A pinch of fine salt or ground spice is picked up with your thumb and first and second fingers, an amount generally accepted to be less than 1/8 tsp.

If you are interested in making older recipes, you might like to track down some of the standard measuring cups that were used until New Zealand went metric in 1973. A conical cook’s measure with the weights of ingredients printed inside it in ounces and grams is a boon for the retrospective cook.

Dry & solids measurements

  breakfast cup teacup
flour 160g 80g
mixed fruit 150g 75g
sugar 250g 125g
brown sugar 250g 115g
butter 225g 115g
coconut 85g 40g
wholemeal 85g 40g

Liquid measurements
1 standard cup = 225 ml
1 breakfastcup = 1/2 pint = 275ml
1/2 breakfastcup = 1 gill = 150 ml
1 teacup = 200 ml
2 tablespoon = 2 fluid ounce = 55ml

A salt spoon is 1/4 tsp.
A pinch is picked up with your thumb and finger pinched together (approximately 1/8 tsp).


Inches to Centimeters